Anthropometric, Laboratory, Dietary and Clinical Profile of Children of Age group 6 months to 5 years with Iron Deficiency Anemia admitted in a Tertiary Care Centre

P Leela Kumari , S Radhika

Department of Paediatrics, SAT Hospital, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala*

Corresponding Author: Dr. Leela Kumari P, Additional Professor of Paediatrics, SAT Hospital, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram. Email: leela_suresh2005@yahoo.co.in

Abstract

Iron deficiency is the commonest micronutrient deficiency worldwide. It is preventable and treatable. Early detection and correction of Iron deficiency is essential since it can affect the physical growth and cognitive functions of a growing child. In this descriptive study done in 155 anemic children of age 6 months to 5 years admitted in a tertiary care centre, according to WHO grading mild anemia was noted in 34.2%, moderate anemia in 52.9% and severe anemia in 12.9%. 47.5% of anemic children were of age group 3-5 years. Published on 28th December 2015 Significant association was found between Iron deficiency and Febrile Seizures. 18.7% had under nutrition and 11% had first degree stunting. High prevalence of anemia was found in male children compared to female children. Higher grade of anemia (moderate and severe) was found in those children taking Iron deficient diet and those not having periodic deworming.

Key Words: Iron deficiency, Serum Ferritin, Haemoglobin, Febrile seizures

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